to the Shareholders of The United Basalt Products Limited
REPORT ON AUDIT OF THE CONSOLIDATED AND SEPARATE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
We have audited the consolidated and separate financial statements of The United Basalt Products Limited (the “Company” and the “Public Interest Entity”) and its subsidiaries (the “Group”) set out on pages 158 to 238, which comprise the consolidated and separate statements of financial position as at June 30, 2020, and the consolidated and separate statements of profit or loss and other comprehensive income, consolidated and separate statements of changes in equity and consolidated and separate statements of cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies.
In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated and separate financial statements give a true and fair view of the financial position of the Group and the Company as at June 30, 2020, and of their consolidated and separate financial performance and consolidated and separate cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs), and comply with the requirements of the Mauritius Companies Act 2001 and the Financial Reporting Act 2004.
Basis for opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (ISAs). Our responsibilities under those Standards are further described in the Auditor’s Responsibilities for audit of the consolidated and separate financial statements section of our report. We are independent of the Group and the Company in accordance with the International Ethics Standard Board for Accountants’ Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants (IESBA Code), and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with the IESBA Code. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
The financial statements of The United Basalt Products Limited for the year ended June 30, 2019 were audited by another auditor, who expressed an unmodified opinion on those statements on September 26, 2019.
Key audit matters
Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgement, were of most significance in our audit of the consolidated and separate financial statements of the current period. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the consolidated and separate financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters. The key audit matters noted below relate to the consolidated and separate financial statements.
Key audit matter
How our audit addressed the Key audit matter
Retirement benefit obligations
The Group and the Company operate a defined benefit plan and have recognized retirement benefit obligations of Rs 681.1 million and Rs 544.1 million respectively at June 30, 2020.
Management has applied judgement in determining the retirement benefits and has involved an actuary to assist with the IAS 19 provisions and disclosures. Retirement benefit obligations are considered a key audit matter due to the significance of the balance to the consolidated and separate financial statements as a whole, combined with the judgment associated with determining the amount of provision.
The significant assumptions used in respect of the retirement benefits obligations have been disclosed in note 21.
We assessed the competence, capabilities and objectivity of management’s independent actuaries and verified the qualifications of the actuaries.
The procedures performed included the following:
We assessed and challenged the assumptions that management made in determining the present value of the liabilities and fair value of plan assets;
We compared the assumptions used such as the discount rate and the annual salary increment with industry and historical data; and
We verified the data used by the actuaries with the payroll report for completeness and accuracy.
We found the assumptions and disclosures in the consolidated and separate financial statements to be appropriate.
REPORT ON OTHER LEGAL AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS
The Mauritius Companies Act 2001
In accordance with the requirements of the Mauritius Companies Act 2001, we report as follows:
we have no relationship with, or interest in, the Company and its subsidiaries other than in our capacity as auditor;
we have obtained all information and explanations that we have required; and
in our opinion, proper accounting records have been kept by the Company as far as appears from our examination of those records.
Corporate Governance Report
Our responsibility under the Financial Reporting Act 2004 is to report on the compliance with the Code of Corporate Governance disclosed in the Annual Report and assess the explanations given for non-compliance with any requirement of the Code. From our assessment of the disclosures made on corporate governance in the Annual Report, the Public Interest Entity has, pursuant to section 75 of the Financial Reporting Act 2004, complied with the requirements of the Code.
The Directors are responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the Financial Highlights, the Risk Report, Other Statutory Disclosures, the Capital Reports, the Statement of Directors’ Responsibilities and the Company Secretary’s Certificate which we obtained prior to the date of this auditor’s report. It also includes other reports to be included in the Annual Report which are expected to be made available after that date. The other information, does not include the consolidated and separate financial statements, the Corporate Governance Report and our auditor’s report thereon.
Our opinion on the consolidated and separate financial statements as well as the Corporate Governance Report do not cover the other information and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the consolidated and separate financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit, or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If, based on the work we have performed, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.
When we read the other reports which are expected to be made available to us after the date of the auditor’s report, if we conclude that there is material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance.
Responsibilities of Directors for the consolidated and separate financial statements
The Directors are responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of the consolidated and separate financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, and in compliance with the requirements of the Mauritius Companies Act 2001 and the Financial Reporting Act 2004 and they are also responsible for such internal control as the Directors determine is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the consolidated and separate financial statements, the Directors are responsible for assessing the Group’s and the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the Directors either intend to liquidate the Group and/or the Company or to cease operations, or have no realistic alternative but to do so.
The Directors are responsible for overseeing the Group’s and the Company’s financial reporting process.
AUDITOR’S RESPONSIBILITIES FOR THE AUDIT OF THE CONSOLIDATED AND SEPARATE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated and separate financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor’s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with ISAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these consolidated and separate financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with ISAs, we exercise professional judgement and maintain professional scepticism throughout the audit. We also:
Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated and separate financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Group’s and the Company’s internal control.
Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
Conclude on the appropriateness of the Directors’ use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Group’s and the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor’s report to the related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor’s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Group and/or the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the consolidated and separate financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the consolidated and separate financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
Obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence regarding the financial information of the entities or business activities within the Group to express an opinion on the consolidated financial statements. We are responsible for the direction, supervision and performance of the group audit. We remain solely responsible for our audit opinion.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.
From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the consolidated and separate financial statements of the current year and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe those matters in our auditor’s report unless laws or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.
USE OF OUR REPORT
This report is made solely to the Company’s shareholders, as a body, in accordance with section 205 of the Mauritius Companies Act 2001. Our audit work has been undertaken so that we might state to the Company’s shareholders those matters we are required to state to them in an auditor’s report and for no other purpose. To the fullest extent permitted by law, we do not accept or assume responsibility to anyone other than the Company and the Company’s shareholders as a body, for our audit work, for this report, or for the opinions we have formed.
Deloitte Chartered Accountants
Jacques de C. Du Mée, ACA Licensed by FRC
November 9, 2020
Statements of financial position
As at June 30, 2020
MARC FREISMUTH Chairman
STÉPHANE ULCOQ Group CEO
November 9, 2020
Statements of profit or loss and other comprehensive income
For the year ended June 30, 2020
Statements of changes in equity
For the year ended June 30, 2020
Statements of cash flows
For the year ended June 30, 2020
Notes to the financial statements
For the year ended June 30, 2020
1 CORPORATE INFORMATION
The United Basalt Products Limited is a public Company incorporated and domiciled in Mauritius and listed on the official market of the Stock Exchange of Mauritius Ltd. Its registered office is situated at Trianon, Quatre-Bornes.
The main activities of the Company and its subsidiaries, together referred to as the ‘Group’, are the manufacturers and sellers of building materials, provision of workshop services and sellers of agricultural products.
The consolidated and separate financial statements for the year ended June 30, 2020 were authorised for issue by the Board of Directors on November 09, 2020 and the statements of financial position were signed on the Board’s behalf by Messrs Marc Freismuth and Stéphane Ulcoq. The consolidated and separate financial statements will be submitted to the shareholders for approval at the annual meeting.
2 ACCOUNTING POLICIES
2.1 BASIS OF PREPARATION
The consolidated and separate financial statements of the Group and the Company have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”) and complied with the Mauritius Companies Act 2001 and Financial Reporting Act 2004.
The consolidated and separate financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis except for freehold land and buildings classified under property, plant and equipment, financial assets at fair value through profit or loss, financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income and consumable biological assets that have been measured at their fair value as disclosed in the accounting policies hereafter.
The consolidated and separate financial statements are presented in Mauritian Rupees and all values are rounded to the nearest thousand (Rs’000) except where otherwise indicated.
The consolidated and separate financial statements provide comparative information in respect of the previous year.
2.2 BASIS OF CONSOLIDATION
The consolidated financial statements comprise the financial statements of The United Basalt Products Limited and its subsidiaries as at June 30, 2020.
Control is achieved when the Group is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the investee. Specifically, the Group controls an investee if and only if the Group has:
Power over the investee (i.e. existing rights that give it the current ability to direct the relevant activities of the investee)
Exposure, or rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee, and
The ability to use its power over the investee to affect its returns
When the Group has less than a majority of the voting or similar rights of an investee, the Group considers all relevant facts and circumstances in assessing whether it has power over an investee, including:
The contractual arrangement with the other vote holders of the investee
Rights arising from other contractual arrangements
The Group’s voting rights and potential voting rights
The Group re-assesses whether or not it controls an investee if facts and circumstances indicate that there are changes to one or more of the three elements of control. Consolidation of a subsidiary begins when the Group obtains control over the subsidiary and ceases when the Group loses control of the subsidiary. Assets, liabilities, income and expenses of a subsidiary acquired or disposed of during the year are included in the statement of financial position and statement of comprehensive income from the date the Group gains control until the date the Group ceases to control the subsidiary.
Profit or loss and each component of other comprehensive income (OCI) are attributed to the equity holders of the parent of the Group and to the non-controlling interests, even if this results in the non-controlling interests having a deficit balance. When necessary, adjustments are made to the financial statements of subsidiaries to bring their accounting policies in line with the Group’s accounting policies. All intra-group assets and liabilities, equity, income, expenses and cash flows relating to transactions between members of the Group are eliminated in full on consolidation.
A change in the ownership interest of a subsidiary, without a loss of control, is accounted for as an equity transaction. If the Group loses control over a subsidiary, it:
Derecognises the assets (including goodwill) and liabilities of the subsidiary
Derecognises the carrying amount of any non-controlling interest
Derecognises the cumulative translation differences, recorded in equity
Recognises the fair value of the consideration received
Recognises the fair value of any investment retained
Recognises any surplus or deficit in statement of profit or loss
Reclassifies the parent’s share of components previously recognised in other comprehensive income to statement of profit or loss or retained earnings, as appropriate, as would be required if the Group had directly disposed of the related assets or liabilities.
2.3 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
(a) Business combinations and goodwill
Business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method. The cost of an acquisition is measured as the aggregate of the consideration transferred, measured at acquisition date at fair value and the amount of any non-controlling interest in the acquiree. For each business combination, the Group elects whether to measure the non-controlling interest in the acquiree either at fair value or at the proportionate share of the acquiree’s identifiable net assets. Acquisition related costs are expensed as incurred and included in administrative expenses.
When the Group acquires a business, it assesses the financial assets and liabilities assumed for appropriate classification and designation in accordance with the contractual terms, economic circumstances and pertinent conditions as at the acquisition date. This includes the separation of embedded derivatives in host contracts by the acquiree.
If the business combination is achieved in stages, the previously held equity interest is re-measured at its acquisition date fair value and any resulting gain or loss is recognised in the statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income. It is then considered in the determination of goodwill.
Goodwill is initially measured at cost, being the excess of the aggregate of the consideration transferred and the amount recognised for non-controlling interests, and any previous interest held, over the net identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed. If the fair value of the net assets acquired is in excess of the aggregate consideration transferred, the Group re-assesses whether it has correctly identified all of the assets acquired and all of the liabilities assumed and reviews the procedures used to measure the amounts to be recognised at the acquisition date. If the re-assessment still results in an excess of the fair value of net assets acquired over the aggregate consideration transferred, then the gain is recognised in profit or loss.
After initial recognition, goodwill is measured at cost less any accumulated impairment losses. For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill acquired in a business combination is, from the acquisition date, allocated to each of the Group’s cash- generating units that are expected to benefit from the combination, irrespective of whether other assets or liabilities of the acquiree are assigned to those units.
Where goodwill forms part of a cash-generating unit and part of the operation within that unit is disposed of, the goodwill associated with the operation disposed of is included in the carrying amount of the operation when determining the gain or loss on disposal of the operation. Goodwill disposed of in this circumstance is measured based on the relative values of the operation disposed of and the portion of the cash-generating unit retained.
(b) Fair value measurement
Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value measurement is based on the presumption that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either:
In the principal market for the asset or liability, or
In the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market for the asset or liability
The principal or the most advantageous market must be accessible by the Group.
The fair value of an asset or a liability is measured using the assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, assuming that market participants act in their economic best interest.
A fair value measurement of a non-financial asset takes into account a market participant’s ability to generate economic benefits by using the asset in its highest and best use or by selling it to another market participant that would use the asset in its highest and best use.
The Group uses valuation techniques that are appropriate in the circumstances and for which sufficient data are available to measure fair value, maximising the use of relevant observable inputs and minimising the use of unobservable inputs.
All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the financial statements are categorised within the fair value hierarchy, described as follows, based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole:
Level 1 – Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
Level 2 – Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable
Level 3 – Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable
For assets and liabilities that are recognised in the financial statements on a recurring basis, the Group determines whether transfers have occurred between levels in the hierarchy by re-assessing categorisation (based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole) at the end of each reporting period.
The Group’s management determines the policies and procedures for fair value measurement, such as unquoted financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income and unquoted financial assets at fair value through profit or loss.
Financial assets that are unquoted are fair valued by management at least annually at the reporting date. The use of external valuers is decided by the management when the situation dictates it, taking into consideration the relevant factors.
Involvement of external valuers for the valuation of its properties is decided upon by management after discussion with and approval of the audit committee, usually every three years. Selection criteria include market knowledge, reputation, independence and whether professional standards are maintained. Management decides, after discussions with the Group’s external valuers, which valuation techniques and inputs to use for each case. Management assesses the changes in the inputs, as well as those in the environment, from both internal and external sources, that affect the fair value of the property since the last valuation, and thereafter decides on the involvement of external valuers.
At each reporting date, management analyses the movements in the values of assets and liabilities which are required to be re-measured or re-assessed as per the Group’s accounting policies. For this analysis, management verifies the major inputs applied in the latest valuation by agreeing the information in the valuation computation to relevant documents.
Management, in conjunction with the Group’s external valuers, also compares the changes in the fair value of each asset and liability with relevant external sources to determine whether the change is reasonable.
The fair values of the Group’s consumable biological assets are determined by management at least annually at the reporting date through the income approach. Inputs and assumptions used in the determination of the fair value are verified and validated to their respective sources and documents.
For the purpose of fair value disclosures, the Group has determined classes of assets and liabilities on the basis of the nature, characteristics and risks of the asset or liability and the level of the fair value hierarchy as explained above.
(c) Property, plant and equipment
Except for freehold land and buildings, leasehold land and land improvements, plant and equipment and motor vehicles are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Such cost includes the cost of replacing part of the property, plant and equipment. When significant parts of property, plant and equipment are required to be replaced at intervals, the Group recognises such parts as individual assets with specific useful lives and depreciates them accordingly. Likewise, when a major inspection is performed, its cost is recognised in the carrying amount of the plant and equipment as a replacement if the recognition criteria are satisfied. All other repair and maintenance costs are recognised in profit or loss as incurred.
Freehold land and buildings are measured at fair value less accumulated depreciation on buildings and impairment losses recognised at the date of the revaluation. Valuations are performed with sufficient frequency (3 to 5 years) to ensure that the fair value of a revalued asset does not differ materially from its carrying amount.
A revaluation surplus is recorded in other comprehensive income and credited to the asset revaluation reserve in equity, except to the extent that it reverses a revaluation decrease of the same asset previously recognised in profit or loss, in which case, the increase is recognised in profit or loss. A revaluation deficit is recognised in profit or loss, except to the extent that it offsets an existing surplus on the same asset recognised in the asset revaluation reserve.
When an item of property, plant and equipment is revalued, the carrying amount of that asset is adjusted to the revalued amount. At the date of the revaluation, the accumulated depreciation is eliminated against the gross carrying amount of the asset.
Upon disposal, any revaluation reserve relating to the particular asset being sold is transferred to retained earnings. Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:
2 to 5
Over lease period
Plant and equipment
2 to 33
Land and assets in progress are not depreciated.
An item of property, plant and equipment and any significant part initially recognised is derecognised upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition of the asset (calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset) is included in profit or loss when the asset is derecognised.
The useful lives and methods of depreciation of property, plant and equipment are reviewed at each financial year end and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate.
(d) Investment properties
Investment properties are initially measured at cost, including transaction costs and subsequently at cost net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.
The cost includes the cost of replacing part of an existing investment property at the time that cost is incurred if the recognition criteria are met and excludes the costs of day-to-day servicing of an investment property.
Investment properties are derecognised when either they have been disposed of or when they are permanently withdrawn from use and no future economic benefit is expected from their disposal. The difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset is recognised in profit or loss in the period of derecognition.
Transfers are made to or from investment property only when there is a change in use. For a transfer from investment property to owner-occupied property, the deemed cost for subsequent accounting is the cost less depreciation at the date of transfer. If owner-occupied property becomes an investment property, the Group accounts for such property in accordance with the policy stated under property, plant and equipment up to the date of change in use.
Depreciation is calculated on the straight-line method at the rate of 2% to 5% per annum.
(e) Biological assets
Bearer biological assets
Bearer biological assets comprising of sugar cane ratoons and plantation costs are capitalised and amortised over the period during which the Group expects to benefit from the asset, usually nine years. The Group account for bearer plants in the same way as property, plant and equipment.
Consumable biological assets
Consumable biological assets represent standing cane, vegetables and plants and are stated at fair value less costs to sell. The fair value is measured as the expected net cash flows from the sale of the cane and plants discounted at the relevant market determined pre-tax rate. The changes in fair value less cost to sell of the consumable biological assets is recognised in the statement of profit or loss.
(f) Intangible assets
Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. The cost of intangible assets acquired in a business combination is their fair value as at the date of acquisition. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less any accumulated amortisation and any accumulated impairment losses. Internally generated intangible assets, excluding capitalised development costs, are not capitalised and the related expenditure is reflected in profit or loss in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.
The useful lives of intangible assets are assessed to be either finite or indefinite.
Intangible assets with finite lives are amortised over the useful economic life and assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired. The amortisation period and the amortisation method for an intangible asset with a finite useful life are reviewed at least at the end of each reporting period. Changes in the expected useful life or the expected pattern of consumption of future economic benefits embodied in the asset are considered to modify the amortisation period or method, as appropriate, and are treated as changes in accounting estimates. The amortisation expense on intangible assets with finite lives is recognised in profit or loss in the expense category consistent with the function of the intangible asset.
Intangible assets such as goodwill with indefinite useful lives are not amortised, but are tested for impairment annually, either individually or at the cash-generating unit level. The assessment of indefinite life is reviewed annually to determine whether the indefinite life continues to be supportable. If not, the change in useful life from indefinite to finite is made on a prospective basis.
Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognised in profit or loss when the asset is derecognised.
Intangible assets include computer software, which is amortised using the straight line method over 6 years.
(g) Land conversion rights
The Land Conversion Rights (“LCRs”) granted under the Sugar Industry Efficiency Act 2001 are capitalised up to the Group’s entitlement of exemption from the land conversion tax. The LCRs are tested for impairment using the discounted cash flow method (the “DCF”). Changes in the carrying amount of the LCRs is charged to profit or loss.
(h) Investment in subsidiaries
Subsidiaries are those entities controlled by the Company. Control is achieved when the company is exposed to, or has right to, variable returns from its investment with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity.
Separate financial statements
Investments in subsidiaries in the separate financial statements of the Company are carried at cost, net of any impairment. Where the carrying amount of an investment is greater than its estimated recoverable amount, it is written down immediately to its recoverable amount and the difference is recognised in profit or loss. Upon disposal of the investment, the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount is recognised in profit or loss.
(i) Investment in associates
An associate is an entity over which the Group has significant influence. Significant influence is the power to participate in the financial and operating policy decisions of the investee, but is not control over those policies.
The considerations made in determining significant influence are similar to those necessary to determine control over subsidiaries.
The Group’s investments in its associates are accounted for using the equity method.
Under the equity method, the investment in an associate is initially recognised at cost. The carrying amount of the investment is adjusted to recognise changes in the Group’s share of net assets of the associate since the acquisition date. Goodwill relating to the associate is included in the carrying amount of the investment and is neither amortised nor individually tested for impairment.
The profit or loss reflects the Group’s share of the results of operations of the associate. Any change in other comprehensive income of those investees is presented as part of the Group’s in other comprehensive income. In addition, when there has been a change recognised directly in the equity of the associate, the Group recognises its share of any changes, when applicable, in the statement of changes in equity.
Unrealised gains and losses resulting from transactions between the Group and the associate are eliminated to the extent of the interest in the associate.
The aggregate of the Group’s share of profit or loss of an associate is shown on the face of the statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income outside operating profit and represents profit or loss after tax.
The financial statements of the associate are prepared for the same reporting period as the Group. When necessary, adjustments are made to bring the accounting policies in line with those of the Group.
After application of the equity method, the Group determines whether it is necessary to recognise an impairment loss on its investment in its associates. At each reporting date, the Group determines whether there is objective evidence that the investment in the associates is impaired.
If there is such evidence, the Group calculates the amount of impairment as the difference between the recoverable amount of the associate and its carrying value, then recognises the loss as ‘Share of profit of an associate’ in profit or loss.
Upon loss of significant influence over the associate, the Group measures and recognises any retained investment at its fair value. Any difference between the carrying amount of the associate upon loss of significant influence and the fair value of the retained investment and proceeds from disposal is recognised in profit or loss.
In the Company’s separate financial statements, investment in associates is stated at cost. The carrying amount is reduced to recognise any impairment in the value of the investment.
(j) Foreign currency translation
The financial statements of the Group and the Company are presented in Mauritian rupees, which is also the parent company’s functional currency. For each entity, the Group determines the functional currency and items included in the financial statements of each entity are measured using that functional currency.
Transactions and balances
Transactions in foreign currencies are initially recorded by the Group’s entities at their respective functional currency spot rates at the date the transaction first qualifies for recognition.
Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the functional currency spot rate of exchange ruling at the reporting date.
Differences arising on settlement or translation of monetary items are recognised in profit or loss with the exception of monetary items that are designated as part of the hedge of the Group’s net investment of a foreign operation. These are recognised in other comprehensive income until the net investment is disposed, at which time, the cumulative amount is reclassified to profit or loss. Tax charges and credits attributable to exchange differences on those monetary items are also recorded in other comprehensive income.
Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates as at the dates of the initial transactions. Non-monetary items measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value is determined. The gain or loss arising on retranslation of non-monetary items measured at fair value is treated in line with the recognition of gain or loss on change in fair value of the item (i.e., translation differences on items whose fair value gain or loss is recognised in other comprehensive income or profit or loss is also recognised in other comprehensive income or profit or loss, respectively).
Any goodwill arising on the acquisition of a foreign operation and any fair value adjustments to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities arising on the acquisition are treated as assets and liabilities of the foreign operation and translated at the spot rate of exchange at the reporting date.
On consolidation, the assets and liabilities of foreign operations are translated into Mauritian rupees at the rate of exchange prevailing at the reporting date and their profit or loss is translated at exchange rates prevailing at the date of the transactions. The exchange differences arising on the translation are recognised in other comprehensive income. On disposal of a foreign operation, the component of other comprehensive income relating to that particular foreign operation is recognised in profit or loss.
(k) Financial instruments
Initial recognition and measurement
Financial assets are classified, at initial recognition, as subsequently measured at amortized cost, fair value through other comprehensive income (OCI), and fair value through profit or loss.
The classification of financial assets at initial recognition depends on the financial asset’s contractual cash flow characteristics and the Group’s business model for managing them. With the exception of trade receivables that do not contain a significant financing component or for which the Group has applied the practical expedient, the Group initially measures a financial asset at its fair value plus, in the case of a financial asset not at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs. Trade receivables that do not contain a significant financing component or for which the Group has applied the practical expedient are measured at the transaction price determined under IFRS 15. Refer to the accounting policies “Revenue from contracts with customers”.
In order for a financial asset to be classified and measured at amortized cost or fair value through OCI, it needs to give rise to cash flows that are ‘solely payments of principal and interest (SPPI)’ on the principal amount outstanding. This assessment is referred to as the SPPI test and is performed at an instrument level.
The Group’s business model for managing financial assets refers to how it manages its financial assets in order to generate cash flows. The business model determines whether cash flows will result from collecting contractual cash flows, selling the financial assets, or both.
Purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within a time frame established by regulation or convention in the market place (regular way trades) are recognized on the trade date, i.e., the date that the Group commits to purchase or sell the asset.
For purposes of subsequent measurement, financial assets are classified in four categories:
Financial assets at amortized cost (debt instruments)
Financial assets at fair value through OCI with recycling of cumulative gains and losses (debt instruments)
Financial assets designated at fair value through OCI with no recycling of cumulative gains and losses upon derecognition (equity instruments)
Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss
Financial assets at amortised cost (debt instruments)
This category is the most relevant to the Group. The Group measures financial assets at amortised cost if both of the following conditions are met:
The financial asset is held within a business model with the objective to hold financial assets in order to collect contractual cash flows; and
The contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.
Financial assets at amortised cost are subsequently measured using the effective interest (EIR) method and are subject to impairment. Gains and losses are recognized in profit or loss when the asset is derecognized, modified or impaired.
The Group’s financial assets at amortised cost includes trade receivables and cash and cash equivalent.
Financial assets designated at fair value through OCI (equity instruments)
Upon initial recognition, the Company can elect to classify irrevocably its equity investments as equity instruments designated at fair value through OCI when they meet the definition of equity under IAS 32 Financial Instruments: Presentation and are not held for trading. The classification is determined on an instrument-by-instrument basis.
Gains and losses on these financial assets are never recycled to profit or loss. Dividends are recognized as finance income in the statement of profit or loss when the right of payment has been established, except when the Company benefits from such proceeds as a recovery of part of the cost of the financial asset, in which case, such gains are recorded in OCI. Equity instruments designated at fair value through OCI are not subject to impairment assessment.
The Group elected to classify part of its equity investments under this category. Refer to note 12.
Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss
Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss include financial assets held for trading, financial assets designated upon initial recognition at fair value through profit or loss, or financial assets mandatorily required to be measured at fair value. Financial assets are classified as held for trading if they are acquired for the purpose of selling or repurchasing in the near term. Derivatives, including separated embedded derivatives, are also classified as held for trading unless they are designated as effective hedging instruments. Financial assets with cash flows that are not solely payments of principal and interest are classified and measured at fair value through profit or loss, irrespective of the business model. Notwithstanding the criteria for debt instruments to be classified at amortized cost or at fair value through OCI, as described above, debt instruments may be designated at fair value through profit or loss on initial recognition if doing so eliminates, or significantly reduces, an accounting mismatch.
Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss are carried in the statement of financial position at fair value with net changes in fair value recognized in the statement of profit or loss.
This category includes both listed and unlisted equity investments which the Group had not irrevocably elected to classify at fair value through other comprehensive income. Refer to note 12.
Dividends on these equity investments are also recognized as Finance income in the statement of profit or loss when the right of payment has been established.
A financial asset (or, where applicable, a part of a financial asset or part of a Group of similar financial assets) is primarily derecognised (i.e., removed from the Group’s statement of financial position) when:
The rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired; or
The Group has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset or has assumed an obligation to pay the received cash flows in full without material delay to a third party under a ‘pass-through’ arrangement and either (a) the Group has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, or (b) the Group has neither transferred nor retained substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, but has transferred control of the asset.
When the Group has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from an asset or has entered into a pass-through arrangement, it evaluates if, and to what extent, it has retained the risks and rewards of ownership. When it has neither transferred nor retained substantially all of the risks and rewards of the asset, nor transferred control of the asset, the Group continues to recognize the transferred asset to the extent of its continuing involvement. In that case, the Group also recognizes an associated liability. The transferred asset and the associated liability are measured on a basis that reflects the rights and obligations that the Group has retained.
Continuing involvement that takes the form of a guarantee over the transferred asset is measured at the lower of the original carrying amount of the asset and the maximum amount of consideration that the Group could be required to repay.
Impairment of financial assets
The Group recognises an allowance for expected credit losses (ECLs) for all debt instruments not held at fair value through profit or loss. ECLs are based on the difference between the contractual cash flows due in accordance with the contract and all the cash flows that the Group expects to receive, discounted at an approximation of the original effective interest rate. The expected cash flows will include cash flows from the sale of collateral held or other credit enhancements that are integral to the contractual terms.
ECLs are recognised in two stages. For credit exposures for which there has not been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition, ECLs are provided for credit losses that result from default events that are possible within the next 12-months (a 12-month ECL). For those credit exposures for which there has been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition, a loss allowance is required for credit losses expected over the remaining life of the exposure, irrespective of the timing of the default (a lifetime ECL).
For trade and some other receivables and contract assets, the Group applies a simplified approach in calculating ECLs. Therefore, the Company does not track changes in credit risk, but instead recognizes a loss allowance based on lifetime ECLs at each reporting date. The Group has established a provision matrix that is based on its historical credit loss experience, adjusted for forward-looking factors specific to the debtors and the economic environment.
Some other receivables are of the same nature as trade receivables but given that these are not the activities of the Group, these are not classified as trade receivables. As those other receivables have a maturity of 1 year or less, the Group has applied the practical expedient of IFRS 9. Where the balance due is repayable on demand and the borrower has enough liquid assets to settle the balance due on demand, the probability of default is minimal. Where the Borrower does not have enough liquid assets to settle the balance on demand but own other assets that can be sold to settle the balance due, the loss given default is nil as the net realisable value of the assets cover the outstanding balance. In that case, the ECL is limited to the effect of discounting the amount due of the loan over the period until the cash is realised and since those companies can realise cash within a short period of time, the effect of discounting is immaterial.
The Group considers a financial asset in default when contractual payments are 120 days past due. However, in certain cases, the Group may also consider a financial asset to be in default when internal or external information indicates that the Group is unlikely to receive the outstanding contractual amounts in full before taking into account any credit enhancements held by the Group. A financial asset is written off when there is no reasonable expectation of recovering the contractual cash flows.
A financial asset is written off when there is no reasonable expectation of recovering the contractual cash flows. Financial assets written off may still be subject to enforcement activities under the Company’s recovery procedures. Any recoveries made are recognised in profit or loss.
A contract asset is the right to consideration in exchange for goods or services transferred to the customer. If the Group performs by transferring goods or services to a customer before the customer pays consideration or before payment is due, a contract asset is recognized for the earned consideration that is conditional.
Financial liabilities and equity
Classification as debt or equity
Debt and equity instruments are classified as either financial liabilities or as equity in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangements and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument.
An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the asset of an entity after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments issued by the company are recorded at the proceeds received, net of direct issue costs.
Initial recognition and measurement
Financial liabilities are classified, at initial recognition, as financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, loans and borrowings and trade and payables.
All financial liabilities are recognized initially at fair value and, in the case of loans and borrowings and payables, net of directly attributable transaction costs.
The Group’s financial liabilities include trade and other payables, loans and borrowings including bank overdrafts.
The measurement of financial liabilities depends on their classification, as described below:
Loans and borrowings and Trade and other payables.
This is the category most relevant to the Group. After initial recognition, interest-bearing loans and borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the EIR method. Gains and losses are recognized in profit or loss when the liabilities are derecognized as well as through the EIR amortization process.
Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included as finance costs in the statement of profit or loss.
This category generally applies to interest-bearing loans and borrowings including bank overdraft and trade and other payables.
A contract liability is the obligation to transfer goods or services to a customer for which the Group has received consideration (or an amount of consideration is due) from the customer. If a customer pays consideration before the Group transfers goods or services to the customer, a contract liability is recognised when the payment is made or the payment is due (whichever is earlier). Contract liabilities are recognised as revenue when the Group performs under the contract.
A financial liability is derecognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires.
When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the statement of profit or loss.
Offsetting financial instruments
Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the consolidated statement of financial position if there is a currently enforceable legal right to offset the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, to realise the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.
Inventory items are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Costs incurred in bringing each product to its present location and conditions are accounted for as follows:
Raw Materials: Purchase costs on an average cost method
Finished Goods: Costs of direct materials and direct expenses based on normal operating capacity
Work-in-progress consists of cost incurred on works performed but not yet completed and invoiced at the reporting date.
Net realisable value (NRV) is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.
(m) Retirement benefit obligations
Defined benefit plan
The Group operates a final salary defined benefit plan, the assets of which are held independently and administered by Swan Life Ltd. These benefits are funded. The cost of providing pensions under the plan is determined using the projected unit credit valuation method.
Re-measurements, comprising of actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the asset ceiling, excluding net interest and the return on plan assets (excluding net interest), are recognised immediately in the statement of financial position with a corresponding debit or credit to retained earnings through the other comprehensive income in the period in which they occur. Re-measurements are not reclassified to profit or loss in subsequent periods.
Past service costs are recognised in profit or loss on the earlier of:
The date of the plan amendment or curtailment, and
The date that the Group recognises restructuring related costs
Net interest is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net defined benefit liability or asset. The Group recognise the following changes in the net defined benefit obligation under administrative expenses in profit or loss:
Service costs comprising current service costs, past service costs, gains and losses on curtailments and non-routine settlements.
Net interest expense or income
Severance allowance on retirement
For employees that are not covered under any pension plan, the net present value of severance allowances payable under the Workers’ Rights Act (WRA), formerly under the Employee Rights Act 2008 is calculated independently by a qualified actuary, AON Hewitt Ltd and Swan Life Ltd. The expected cost of these benefits is accrued over the service lives of employees on a similar basis to that for the defined benefit plan. The present value of severance allowances has been disclosed as unfunded obligations under employee benefit liability.
(n) Cash and cash equivalents
Cash at bank and on hand in the statement of financial position are measured at amortised cost.
For the purpose of the consolidated statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents consist of cash at bank and on hand, net of outstanding bank overdrafts.
(o) Impairment of non-financial assets
The Group assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Group estimates the asset’s recoverable amount. An asset’s recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s or cash-generating units (CGU) fair value less costs of disposal and its value in use. Recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount.
In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining fair value less costs of disposal, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used. These calculations are corroborated by valuation multiples, quoted share prices for publicly traded companies or other available fair value indicators.
The Group bases its impairment calculation on detailed budgets and forecast calculations, which are prepared separately for each of the Group’s CGUs to which the individual assets are allocated. These budgets and forecast calculations generally cover a period of five years. For longer periods, a long-term growth rate is calculated and applied to project future cash flows after the fifth year.
Impairment losses of continuing operations, including impairment on inventories, are recognised in statement of profit or loss in expense categories consistent with the function of the impaired asset, except for a property previously revalued with the revaluation was taken to other comprehensive income. In this case, the impairment is also recognised in other comprehensive income up to the amount of any previous revaluation.
For assets excluding goodwill, an assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognised impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the Group estimates the asset’s or cash-generating unit’s recoverable amount. A previously recognised impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset’s recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognised. The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the asset does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognised in profit or loss unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case, the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase.
The following criteria are also applied in assessing impairment of specific assets:
Goodwill is tested for impairment annually at the reporting date, and when circumstances indicate that the carrying value may be impaired. Impairment is determined for goodwill by assessing the recoverable amount of each cash-generating unit (or group of cash-generating units) to which the goodwill relates. When the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit is less than their carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognised. Impairment losses relating to goodwill cannot be reversed in future periods.
The Group and the Company has applied IFRS 16 using the cumulative catch-up approach and therefore comparative information has not been restated and is presented under IAS 17. The details of accounting policies under both IAS 17 and IFRS 16 are presented separately below.
Policies applicable from July 01, 2019
The Group and the Company as lessee
The Group and the Company assesses whether a contract is or contains a lease, at inception of the contract. The Group recognises a right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability with respect to all lease arrangements in which it is the lessee, except for short-term leases (defined as leases with a lease term of 12 months or less) and leases of low value assets (such as tablets and personal computers, small items of office furniture and telephones).
For these leases, the Group recognises the lease payments as an operating expense on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern in which economic benefits from the leased assets are consumed.
The lease liability is initially measured at the present value of the lease payments that are not paid at the commencement date, discounted by using the rate implicit in the lease. If this rate cannot be readily determined, the lessee uses its incremental borrowing rate.
Lease payments included in the measurement of the lease liability comprise:
Fixed lease payments (including in-substance fixed payments), less any lease incentives receivable;
Variable lease payments that depend on an index or rate, initially measured using the index or rate at the commencement date;
The amount expected to be payable by the lessee under residual value guarantees;
The exercise price of purchase options, if the lessee is reasonably certain to exercise the options; and
Payments of penalties for terminating the lease, if the lease term reflects the exercise of an option to terminate the lease.
The lease liability is presented within “Borrowings” line in the statement of financial position.
The lease liability is subsequently measured by increasing the carrying amount to reflect interest on the lease liability (using the effective interest method) and by reducing the carrying amount to reflect the lease payments made.
The Group remeasures the lease liability (and makes a corresponding adjustment to the related right-of-use asset) whenever:
The lease term has changed or there is a significant event or change in circumstances resulting in a change in the assessment of exercise of a purchase option, in which case the lease liability is remeasured by discounting the revised lease payments using a revised discount rate.
The lease payments change due to changes in an index or rate or a change in expected payment under a guaranteed residual value, in which cases the lease liability is remeasured by discounting the revised lease payments using an unchanged discount rate (unless the lease payments change is due to a change in a floating interest rate, in which case a revised discount rate is used).
A lease contract is modified and the lease modification is not accounted for as a separate lease, in which case the lease liability is remeasured based on the lease term of the modified lease by discounting the revised lease payments using a revised discount rate at the effective date of the modification.
The Group did not make any such adjustments during the periods presented.
The right-of-use assets comprise the initial measurement of the corresponding lease liability, lease payments made at or before the commencement day, less any lease incentives received and any initial direct costs. They are subsequently measured at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses.
Whenever the Group incurs an obligation for costs to dismantle and remove a leased asset, restore the site on which it is located or restore the underlying asset to the condition required by the terms and conditions of the lease, a provision is recognised and measured under IAS 37. To the extent that the costs relate to a right-of-use asset, the costs are included in the related right-of-use asset, unless those costs are incurred to produce inventories.
Right-of-use assets are depreciated over the shorter period of lease term and useful life of the underlying asset. If a lease transfers ownership of the underlying asset or the cost of the right-of-use asset reflects that the Group expects to exercise a purchase option, the related right-of-use asset is depreciated over the useful life of the underlying asset. The depreciation starts at the commencement date of the lease.
The right-of-use assets are presented as a separate line in the statement of financial position.
The Group applies IAS 36 Impairment of Assets to determine whether a right-of-use asset is impaired and accounts for any identified impairment loss as described in the ‘Property, Plant and Equipment’ policy.
Variable rents that do not depend on an index or rate are not included in the measurement of the lease liability and the right-of-use asset. The related payments are recognised as an expense in the period in which the event or condition that triggers those payments occurs.
As a practical expedient, IFRS 16 permits a lessee not to separate non-lease components, and instead account for any lease and associated non-lease components as a single arrangement. The Group has applied this practical expedient.
Policies applicable prior to July 01, 2019
Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee. All other leases are classified as operating leases.
The Group and the Company as lessee
Assets held under finance leases are initially recognised as assets of the Group at their fair value at the inception of the lease or, if lower, at the present value of the minimum lease payments. The corresponding liability to the lessor is included in the statement of financial position as a finance lease obligations within the “Borrowings” line.
Lease payments are apportioned between finance expenses and reduction of the lease obligation so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance expenses are recognised immediately in profit or loss. Contingent rentals are recognised as expenses in the periods in which they are incurred.
Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense on a straight-line basis over the lease terms, except where another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern in which economic benefits from the leased asset are consumed.
The Group and the Company as lessor
Rental income from operating leases is recognised on a straight-line basis over the term of the relevant lease. Initial direct costs incurred in negotiating and arranging an operating lease are added to the carrying amount of the leased asset and recognised on a straight-line basis over the leased term.
(q) Borrowing costs
Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalised as part of the cost of the asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds.
The Group is involved in the construction industry and produces aggregates and blocs and other construction materials for resale, the Group is also involved in the sale of decorative items and agricultural products. Revenue from contracts with customers is to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services. The Group has generally concluded that it is the principal in its revenue arrangements.
Sale of goods
Revenue from sale of goods is recognised at a point in time when control of the asset is transferred to the customer generally on delivery of the goods. The normal credit term is 30 days.
Rendering of services
Services provided by the Group include workshop, leisure and landscaping. Revenue from rendering of services is recognised at a point in time when control of the asset is transferred to the customer.
The Group recognises revenue from its projects of supply and fixing over time, using an input method to measure progress towards completion of the asset promised, because the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits provided by the Company.
Input methods recognise revenue on the basis of the entity’s efforts or inputs to the satisfaction of a performance obligation.
The Group believes that the input method faithfully depicts the Company’s performance towards complete satisfaction of the performance obligation.
Current tax assets and liabilities for the current and prior periods are measured at the amount expected to be recovered from or paid to the taxation authorities. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date, in the countries where the Group operates and generates taxable income.
Current tax relating to items recognised directly in equity is recognised in equity and not in profit or loss. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in the tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulations are subject to interpretation and establishes provisions where appropriate.
Deferred tax is provided using the liability method on temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes at the reporting date.
Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable temporary differences, except:
where the deferred tax liability arises from the initial recognition of goodwill or of an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and, at the time of the transaction, affects neither the accounting profit nor taxable profit or loss; and
in respect of taxable temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, associates and interests in joint ventures, where the timing of the reversal of the temporary differences can be controlled and it is probable that the temporary differences will be reversed in the foreseeable future.
Deferred tax assets are recognised for all deductible temporary differences, the carry-forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry-forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilised except:
where the deferred tax asset relating to the deductible temporary difference arises from the initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and, at the time of the transaction, affects neither the accounting profit nor taxable profit or loss; and
in respect of deductible temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiaries, associates and interests in joint ventures, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that it is probable that the temporary differences will reverse in the foreseeable future and taxable profit will be available against which the temporary differences can be utilised.
The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred income tax asset to be utilised. Unrecognised deferred tax assets are reassessed at each reporting date and are recognised to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profit will allow the deferred tax asset to be recovered.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the year when the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.
Deferred tax relating to items recognised outside profit or loss is recognised outside of profit or loss. Deferred tax items are recognised in correlation to the underlying transaction either in other comprehensive income or directly in equity.
Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred income taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.
Tax benefits acquired as part of a business combination, but not satisfying the criteria for separate recognition at that date, are recognised subsequently if new information about facts and circumstances change. The adjustment is either treated as a reduction to goodwill (as long as it does not exceed goodwill) if it was incurred during the measurement period or recognised in statement of profit or loss.
Value Added Tax
Revenues, expenses and assets are recognised net of the amount of value added tax except:
where the value added tax incurred on a purchase of assets or services is not recoverable from the taxation authority, in which case the value added tax is recognised as part of the cost of acquisition of the asset or as part of the expense item as applicable; and
receivables and payables that are stated with the amount of value added tax included.
The net amount of value added tax recoverable from, or payable to, the taxation authority is included as part of receivables or payables in the statement of financial position.
Corporate Social Responsibility
In line with the definition within the Income Tax Act 1995, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is regarded as a tax and is therefore subsumed with the income tax shown on the statement of comprehensive income and the income tax liability on the statement of financial position.
The CSR charge for the current period is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the Mauritian tax authorities. The CSR rate and laws used to compute the amount are those charged or substantively enacted by the reporting date.
(t) Segmental reporting
An operating segment is a component of an entity:
(a) that engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses (including revenues and expenses relating to transactions with other components of the same entity),
(b) whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the entity’s chief operating decision maker to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and assess its performance, and
(c) for which discrete financial information is available.
The Group’s business segments consist of core business activities, retail and agriculture. Most of its activity is performed in Mauritius.
(u) Other income:
For all financial instruments measured at amortised cost, interest income is recorded using the effective interest rate (EIR). EIR is the rate that exactly discounts the estimated future cash payments or receipts over the expected life of the financial instrument or a shorter period, where appropriate, to the net carrying amount of the financial asset or liability. Interest income is included in finance income in profit or loss.
Dividend income is recognised when the Group’s right to receive the payment is established, which is generally when the Board of Directors of the investee declare the dividend.
(v) Distribution to equity holders
The Group and the Company recognise a liability to make distributions to equity holders of the parent when the distribution is authorised and the distribution is no longer at the discretion of the Company. A distribution is authorised when it is approved by the Board of Directors. A corresponding amount is recognised directly in equity.
(w) Spare parts
Spare parts held by a Group which will be used to replace broken parts on its production machineries have been classified as inventory and are expensed to profit or loss when these are replaced on the production machineries.
Spare parts which can be used on a specific production machinery and which extend the life of the production machineries and economic benefit derived from its use are capitalised as part of property, plant and equipment. Depreciation on such spare parts is charged to profit or loss.
(x) Government grants
Government grants are not recognised until there is reasonable assurance that the Group and the Company will comply with the conditions attaching to them and that the grants will be received. Government Wage Assistance Scheme (GWAS) was introduced in March 2020 and was given during the months of lockdown. GWAS meets the definition of government grants under IAS 20. GWAS is recognised as an expense over the periods for which the Group and the Company incur the related costs for which the grants are intended and are deducted in reporting the related expenses.
(y) Covid-19 levy
The Government introduced the Covid-19 levy after the GWAS. The Covid-19 levy is an obligating event arising upon the making of the taxable profit. If the Group and the Company is profitable in the next year of assessment, the GWAS will be considered as a refund to the Mauritius Revenue Authority. The Covid-19 levy is recognised as an expense over the periods for which the Group and the Company have recognised the GWAS together with the corresponding liabilities.
2.4 CHANGES IN ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND DISCLOSURES
APPLICATION OF NEW AND REVISED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (IFRSs)
In the current year, the Group and the Company have applied all of the new and revised Standards and Interpretations issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”) and the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (“IFRIC”) of the IASB that are relevant to its operations and effective for accounting periods beginning on July 01, 2019.
New and revised standards that are effective for the current year
The following relevant revised Standards have been applied in these financial statements. Except for IFRS 16, their application has not had any significant impact on the amounts reported for the current and prior periods but may affect the accounting treatment for future transactions or arrangements.
IAS 12 Income Taxes – Amendments resulting from Annual Improvements 2015-2017 Cycle (income tax consequences of dividends)
IAS 19 Employee Benefits – Amendments regarding plan amendments, curtailments or settlements
IFRS 9 Financial Instruments – Amendments regarding prepayment features with negative compensation and modification of financial liabilities
IFRS 16 Leases – Original issue
IFRIC 23 Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments issued
New and revised Standards in issue but not yet effective
At the date of authorisation of these financial statements, the following relevant Standards were in issue but effective on annual periods beginning on or after the respective dates as indicated:
IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements – Amendments regarding the definition of material (effective January 01, 2020)
IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements – Amendments regarding the classification of liabilities (effective January 01, 2023)
IAS 8 Accounting Policies, Change in Accounting Estimates and Errors – Amendments regarding the definition of material (effective January 01, 2020)
IAS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment – Amendments prohibiting a company from deducting from the cost of property, plant and equipment amounts received from selling items produces while the company is preparing the asset for its intended uses (effective January 01, 2022)
IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets – Amendments regarding the costs to include when assessing whether a contract is onerous (effective January 01, 2022)
IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement – Amendments regarding pre-replacement issues in the context of the IBOR reform (effective January 01, 2020)
IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement – Amendments regarding replacement issues in the context of the IBOR reform (effective January 01, 2021)
IAS 41 Agriculture: Amendments resulting from Annual Improvements to IFRS Standards 2018 – 2020 (taxation in fair value measurements (effective January 01, 2020)
IFRS 7 Financial Instruments: Disclosures – Amendments regarding pre-replacement issues in the context of the IBOR reform (effective January 01, 2020)
IFRS 7 Financial Instruments: Disclosures – Amendments regarding replacement issues in the context of the IBOR reform (effective January 01, 2021)
IFRS 9 Financial Instruments – Amendments regarding pre-replacement issues in the context of the IBOR reform (effective January 01, 2020)
IFRS 9 Financial Instruments – Amendments regarding replacement issues in the context of the IBOR reform (effective January 01, 2021)
IFRS 9 Financial Instruments – Amendments resulting from Annual Improvements to IFRS Standards 2018-2020 (fees in the ’10 per cent’ test for derecognition of financial liabilities) (effective January 01, 2022)
IFRS 16 Leases – Amendment to provide lessees with an exemption from assessing whether a COVID-19-related concession is a lease modification (effective June 01, 2020 Conceptual Framework – Amendments to IFRS 2, IFRS 3, IFRS 6, IFRS 14, IAS 1, IAS 8, IAS 34, IAS 37, IAS 38, IFRIC 12, IFRIC 19, IFRIC 20, IFRIC 22, and SIC-32 to update those pronouncements with regards to references to and quotes from the framework or to indicate where they refer to a different version of the Conceptual Framework (effective January 01, 2020)
IFRS 16 Leases – Amendments regarding replacement issues in the context of the IBOR reform (effective January 01, 2021)
Impact of application of IFRS 16 – Leases
In the current year, the Group and the Company have applied IFRS 16 Leases (as issued by the IASB in January 2016) that is effective for an annual period that begins on or after January 01, 2019.
IFRS 16 introduces new or amended requirements with respect to lease accounting. It introduces significant changes to the lessee accounting by removing the distinction between operating and finance lease requiring the recognition of a right-of- use asset and a lease liability at commencement for all leases, except for short-term leases and leases of low value assets. In contrast to lessee accounting, the requirements for lessor accounting have remained largely unchanged. Details of these new requirements are described in note 2.3. The impact of the adoption of IFRS 16 on the Group’s and the Company’s financial statements are as follows:
The date of initial application of IFRS 16 for the Group and the Company is July 01, 2019.
The Group and the Company have applied IFRS 16 using the cumulative catch-up approach which:
requires the Group and the Company to recognise the cumulative effect of initially applying IFRS 16 as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings at the date of initial application.
does not permit the restatement of comparatives, which continue to be presented under IAS 17 and IFRIC 4.
Impact of the new definition of a lease
The Group and the Company has made use of the practical expedient available on transition to IFRS 16 not to reassess whether a contract is or contains a lease. Accordingly, the definition of a lease in accordance with IAS 17 and IFRIC 4 will continue to be applied to those leases entered or modified before July 01, 2019.
The change in definition of a lease mainly relates to the concept of control. IFRS 16 determines whether a contract contains a lease on the basis of whether the customer has the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration. This is in contrast to the focus on ‘risks and rewards’ in IAS 17 and IFRIC 4.
The Group and the Company applied the definition of a lease and related guidance set out in IFRS 16 to all lease contracts entered into or modified on or after July 01, 2019 (whether it a lessor or a lessee in the lease contract). The new definition in IFRS 16 has not significantly changed the scope of contracts that meet the definition of a lease for the Group and the Company.
Impact on Lessee Accounting
i) Former operating leases
IFRS 16 changes how the Group and the Company account for lease previously classified as operating leases under IAS 17, which were off balance-sheet. Applying IFRS 16, for all leases (except as noted below), the Group and the Company:
a) Recognises right-of-use assets and lease liabilities in the Group and the Company statement of financial position, initially measured at the present value of future lease payments;
b) Recognises depreciation of right-of-use assets and interest on lease liabilities in the statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income; and
c) Separates the total amount of cash paid into a principal portion (presented within financing activities) and interest (presented within operating activities) in the statement of cash flows.
Lease incentives (e.g. rent free period) are recognised as part of the measurement of the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities whereas under IAS 17 they resulted in the recognition of a lease incentive, amortised as a reduction of rental expenses on a straight line basis.
Under IFRS 16, right-of-use assets are tested for impairment in accordance with IAS 36 Impairment of Assets.
For short term leases (lease term of 12 months or less) and leases of low value assets, the Group and the Company can opt to recognise a lease expense on a straight-line basis in profit or loss as permitted by IFRS 16. The Group and the Company did not have any short term leases or low value assets leases.
The Group and Company have used the following practical expedients when applying the cumulative catch-up approach to leases previously classified as operating leases applying IAS 17.
The Group and the Company have applied a single discount rate to a portfolio of leases with reasonably similar characteristics.
The Group and the Company have elected not to recognise right-of-use assets and lease liabilities to leases for which the lease terminates within 12 months of the date of initial application.
The Group and the Company has excluded initial direct costs from the measurement of the right-of-use asset at the date of initial application.
The Group and the Company has used hindsight when determining the lease term when the contract contains options to extend or terminate the lease.
ii) Former finance leases
For leases that were classified as finance leases applying IAS 17, the carrying amount of the leased assets and obligations under finance leases measured applying IAS 17 immediately before the date of initial application is reclassified to right-of- use assets and lease liabilities respectively without any adjustments, except in cases where the Group and the Company have elected to apply the low-value lease recognition exemption.
The right-of-use asset and the lease liability are accounted for applying IFRS 16 as from July 01, 2019.
Impact on Lessor Accounting
IFRS 16 does not change substantially how a lessor accounts for leases. Under IFRS 16, a lessor continues to classify leases as either finance leases or operating leases and account for those two types of leases differently.
However, IFRS 16 has changed and expanded the disclosures required, in particular regarding how a lessor manages the risks arising from its residual interest in leased assets.
Under IFRS 16, an intermediate lessor accounts for the head lease and the sublease as two separate contracts. The intermediate lessor is required to classify the sublease as a finance or operating lease by reference to the right-of-use asset arising from the head lease (and not by reference to the underlying asset as was the case under IAS 17).
No adjustment was required in respect of lessor accounting following the initial application of IFRS 16.
Financial impact on initial application of IFRS 16
The weighted average lessees incremental borrowing rate applied to lease liabilities recognised in the statement of financial position on July 01, 2019 is 5.75% – 6.35%.
The following table shows the operating lease commitments disclosed applying IAS 17 at June 30, 2019, discounted using the incremental borrowing rate at the date of initial application and the lease liabilities recognised in the statement of financial position at the date of initial application.
Operating lease commitments at July 01, 2019
Effect of discounting the above amounts
Finance lease liabilities recognised under IAS 17 at July 01, 2019
Present value of the lease payments due in periods covered by extension options that are included in the lease term and not previously included in operating lease commitments
Lease liabilities recognised at July 01, 2019
Right-of-use assets of carrying value of Rs 111.0m for the Group and Rs 4.6m for the Company were recognised and presented separately in the statement of financial position. This includes the lease assets carrying value recognised previously under finance leases of Rs 47.4m for the Group and Rs 1.0m for the Company that were reclassified from property, plant and equipment.
Additional lease liabilities of Rs 82.3m for the Group and Rs 4.3m for the Company (included in borrowings) were recognised.
The impact in opening retained earnings with the adoption of IFRS 16 was Rs 2.3m for the Group and Rs 0.2m on the Company.
3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING JUDGEMENTS, ESTIMATES AND ASSUMPTIONS
The preparation of the consolidated and separate financial statements requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the accompanying disclosures, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of the asset or liability affected in future periods.
In the process of applying the Group’s accounting policies, management has made the following judgments, which have the most significant effect on the amounts recognised in the consolidated financial statements:
Identifying performance obligations in supply and fixing projects
The Group provides supply and fixing services for building finishes that are either sold separately or bundled together with the sale of goods to a customer. The fixing services are a promise to transfer services in the future and are part of the negotiated exchange between the Group and the customer.
The Group determined that both the goods and fixing services thereof are not capable of being distinct. The fact that the Group sells both equipments and fixing on a combined basis indicates that the customer can benefit from an integrated service.
Determining the timing of satisfaction of supply and fixing projects
The Group concluded that revenue for supply and fixing services is to be recognised over time because the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits provided by the Group. The fact that another entity would not need to re-perform the fixing that the Group has provided to date demonstrates that the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits of the Group’s performance as it performs.
The Group determined that the input method is the best method in measuring progress of the installation services because there is a direct relationship between the Group’s effort and the transfer of service to the customer. The Group recognises revenue on the basis of costs incurred relative to the total expected costs of the service.
Determining the timing of satisfaction of supply and fix services
The Group concluded that revenue for installation services is to be recognised over time because the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits provided by the Group. The fact that another entity would not need to re-perform the fixing that the Group has provided to date demonstrates that the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits of the Group’s performance as it performs.
Principal versus agent considerations
The Group enters into contracts with its customers and provides supply and fixing services. The Group determined that it controls the goods before they are transferred to Customers. Therefore, the Group determined that it is a principal in these contracts:
The Group is primarily responsible for fulfilling the promise to provide the services and goods.
The Group has inventory risk before the specified equipment has been transferred to the customer.
The Group has discretion in establishing the price for the goods and services.
Capitalisation of spare parts
Spare parts and servicing equipment which have an expected life of more than one year, usually in connection to the life of specific item of property, plant and equipment are classified as property, plant and equipment. They are depreciated over the shorter of the life of the spare or the item of property, plant and equipment they are attached to. All other spares are recognised as inventories and expensed in profit of loss upon consumption.
Estimates and assumptions
The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the reporting date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, are described below. The Group based its assumptions and estimates on parameters available when the consolidated financial statements were prepared. Existing circumstances and assumptions about future developments however, may change due to market changes or circumstances arising beyond the control of the Group. Such changes are reflected in the assumptions when they occur.
Useful lives and residual values of property, plant and equipment
Determining the carrying amounts of property, plant and equipment requires the estimation of the useful lives and residual values of these assets which carry a degree of uncertainty. The directors have used historical information relating to the Group and the relevant industries in which the Group’s entities operate in order to best determine the useful lives and residual values of property, plant and equipment. There has been no impact on the re-assessment made by management.
The Group measures land and buildings at revalued amounts with changes in fair value being recognised in other comprehensive income. The fair values are determined by independent professional valuers by reference to market-based evidence, using comparable prices adjusted for specific market factors such as nature, location and condition of the properties. Refer to note 5.
Valuation of standing cane
The fair value of biological assets is based on the estimated net present value of future cash flows for the coming crop. The standing cane valuation has been arrived at based on an estimate of the future cash flows arising on a normal crop with sugar proceeds being adjusted for the drop in sugar price as well as estimated foreign currency movements and budgeted costs and applying a suitable discount rate in order to calculate the net present value. Refer to note 14 for key assumptions used to determine valuation of standing cane.
Valuation of plants
The fair value of plants is based on the estimated net present value of future cash flows for the coming crops. The valuation of plants has been arrived at based on an estimate of the future cash flows arising on a normal crop less budgeted costs discounted at a suitable rate in order to calculate the net present value. Refer to note 14 for key assumptions used to determine valuation of plants.
Provision for expected credit losses of trade receivables and contract assets – Under IFRS 9
The Group uses a provision matrix to calculate ECLs for trade receivables and contract assets. The provision rates are based on days past due for groupings of various customer segments that have similar loss patterns .(i.e., by customer type and rating).
The provision matrix is initially based on the Group’s historical observed default rates. The Group will calibrate the matrix to adjust the historical credit loss experience with forward-looking information. For instance, if forecast economic conditions (i.e., gross domestic product) are expected to deteriorate over the next year which can lead to an increased number of defaults, the historical default rates are adjusted. At every reporting date, the historical default rates are updated and changes in the forward looking estimates are analysed.
The assessment of the correlation between historical observed default rates, forecast economic conditions and ECLs is a significant estimate. The amount of ECLs is sensitive to changes in circumstances and of forecast economic conditions. The Group’s historical credit loss experience and forecast of economic conditions may also not be representative of customer’s actual default in the future. Refer to notes 16 and 17.
Estimated impairment of goodwill
Determining whether goodwill is impaired requires an estimation of the value in use of the cash-generating units to which goodwill has been allocated. The value in use calculation requires the entity to estimate the future cash flows expected to arise from the cash generating units and a suitable discount rate in order to calculate present value. Refer to note 8 for key assumptions used.
The cost of defined benefit pension plans and the present value of pension obligation are determined using actuarial valuations. The actuarial valuation involves making assumptions about discount rates, expected rates of return on assets, future salary increases, mortality rates and future pension increases. Due to the complexity of the valuation, the underlying assumptions and its long-term nature, a defined benefit obligation is highly sensitive to changes in these assumptions. All assumptions are reviewed at each reporting date. Refer to note 21.
Fair value of financial instruments
Where the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities recorded in the statement of financial position cannot be derived from active markets, their fair value is determined using valuation techniques including the discounted cash flow model. The inputs to these models are taken from observable markets where possible, but where this is not feasible, a degree of judgment is required in establishing fair values. The judgments include considerations of inputs such as liquidity risk, credit risk and volatility. Changes in assumptions about these factors could affect the reported fair value of financial instruments. Refer to note 12.
Impairment of non-financial assets
An impairment exists when the carrying value of an asset or cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount, which is the higher of its fair value less cost to sell and its value in use. The recoverable amount of the investments in foreign subsidiaries has been determined using the fair value less cost to sell model. Main assumptions to the valuation model included the fair value of property, plant and equipment and discount for liquidity (refer to note 10).
Land conversion rights
The Land Conversion Rights (“LCRs”) granted under the Sugar Industry Efficiency Act 2001 have been tested for impairment using the discounted cash flow method (the “DCF”). The assumptions used in the DCF include the average conversion rates of agricultural land to residential land, infrastructure cost and selling costs among others.
4. FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES AND POLICIES
The Group’s and the Company’s principal financial liabilities comprise bank loans and overdrafts, finance leases, loan from shareholders and trade and payables. The main purpose of these financial liabilities is to finance the Group’s and the Company’s operations. The Group’s and the Company’s principal financial assets included other current financial asset, trade and other receivables, and cash at bank and on hand that arise directly from its operations. The Group and the Company also holds equity investments classified at Fair value through profit or loss and Fair value through other comprehensive income.
The Group and the Company are exposed to market risk, credit risk and liquidity risk. The Group’s and the Company’s senior management oversees the management of these risks. Senior management ensures that the Group’s and the Company’s financial risk-taking activities are governed by appropriate policies and procedures and that financial risks are identified, measured and managed in accordance with group policies and group risk objectives.
A description of the various risks to which the Group and the Company are exposed are shown below as well as the approach taken by management to control and mitigate those risks.
(a) Market risk
Market risk is the risk that the fair value of future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market prices. Market risk to which the Group and the Company are exposed comprise three types of risk: interest rate risk, foreign currency risk and equity price risk. Financial instruments affected by market risk include loans and borrowings, non-current financial assets, and trade and other payables.
The sensitivity analysis in the following sections relate to the position as at June 30, 2020 and 2019.
(i) Interest rate risk
Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. The Group’s and the Company’s exposure to the risk of changes in market interest rates relates primarily to the Group’s and the Company’s debt obligations with floating interest rates.
The Group’s and the Company’s income and operating cash flows are subject to the risks of changes in market interest rates.
The Group’s and the Company’s policy is to manage its interest risk using a mix of fixed and variable rate debts.
Interest rate sensitivity
The following table demonstrates through the impact on floating rate borrowings the sensitivity of the Group’s and the Company’s profit before tax and equity to a reasonable possible change in interest rates with all other variables held constant.
(iii) Foreign currency sensitivity
Foreign currency risk
Foreign currency risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in foreign exchange rates.
The Group has transactional currency exposures. Such exposure arises from sales or purchases by an operating unit in currencies other than the unit of the functional currency. While revenue is generated principally in the functional currency, significant expenditures are incurred in Euro and US Dollars. The Group does not have a policy to hedge against foreign currency risk.
The following table demonstrates due to changes in the fair value of monetary assets and liabilities the sensitivity of the Group’s profit after tax and equity to a reasonably possible change in Euro, US Dollars and South African Rand exchange rates, with all other variables held constant.
(iv) Equity price risk
The Group’s listed and unlisted equity securities are susceptible to market price risk arising from uncertainties about future values of the investment securities.
The following table demonstrates the impact of a reasonably possible change in the equity prices, with all other variables held constant, on the Group’s and the Company’s profit after tax or equity, depending on whether the decline is significant or prolonged.
(b) Credit risk
Credit risk is the risk that counterparty will not meet its obligations under a financial instrument or customer contract, leading to a financial loss. The Group is exposed to credit risk from its operating activities and from its financing activities, including trade and other receivables and cash at bank.
Customer credit risk is managed to the Group’s established policy, procedures and control relating to customer credit risk management. The Group has established internal policies to determine the credit worthiness and reliability of potential customers.
An impairment analysis is performed at each reporting date using a provision matrix to measure expected credit losses. The provision rates are based on days past due for groupings of various customer segments with similar loss patterns (i.e., by geographical region, product type, customer type and rating, and coverage by letters of credit or other forms of credit insurance). The calculation reflects the probability-weighted outcome, the time value of money and reasonable and supportable information that is available at the reporting date about past events, current conditions and forecasts of future economic conditions. Generally, trade receivables are written-off if past due for more than one year and are not subject to enforcement activity. The maximum exposure to credit risk at the reporting date is the carrying value of each class of financial assets disclosed in note 16.
Set out below is the information about the credit risk exposure on the Group’s and the Company’s trade receivables using a provision matrix:
Financial instruments and cash at bank
Credit risk from balances with banks and financial institutions is managed by the Group’s treasury department in accordance with the Group’s policy. Counterparty credit limits are reviewed by the Group’s Senior Management on an annual basis, and may be updated throughout the year. The limits are set to minimise the concentration of risks and therefore mitigate financial loss through potential counterparty’s failure. The Group’s maximum exposure to credit risk for the components of the statement of financial position is the carrying amounts as disclosed below:
Other receivables are neither past due nor impaired for the year ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
Contract assets suffered an expected credit loss of Rs 1.2m (2019: Rs 1.4m). In determining the recoverability of contract assets, the Group assesses its contractual rights and the terms and conditions of the agreements. The Group does not hold any collateral as security over these balances. An expected credit loss rate of 3% (2019: 3%) has been used.
(c) Categories of financial instruments
(d) Liquidity risk
Liquidity risk refers to the possibility of default by the Group to meet its obligations because of unavailability of funds to meet both operational and capital requirements. The Group monitors its risk to a shortage of funds using a recurring liquidity planning tool. This tool considers the maturity of both its financial investments and financial assets (e.g. accounts receivables and other financial assets), the maturity of its financial obligations and projected cash flows from operations. Moreover, the Group has access to various types of funding such as leasing, loans and share capital.
The following table summarises the maturity profile of the Group’s and the Company’s financial liabilities at June 30, based on contractual undiscounted payment.
(e) Capital management
The primary objective of the Group’s capital management is to ensure that it maintains a strong credit rating and healthy capital ratios in order to support its business and maximize shareholders value.
The Group manages its capital structure and makes adjustments to it, in light of changes in economic conditions. To maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Group may adjust the dividend payment to shareholders, return capital to shareholders or issue new shares.
No changes were made in the objectives, policies or processes during the years ended June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019.
The Group monitors capital using a gearing ratio which is interest bearing loans and borrowings divided by equity. The Group’s policy is to keep the gearing ratio between 30% and 60%. Capital comprises of equity attributable to the equity holders of the parent. The Group and Company do not have any externally imposed capital requirements.
5. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Bank borrowings are secured by fixed and floating charges over the assets of the Group. Leased liabilities are effectively secured as the rights to the leased assets revert to the lessor in event of default.
(a) The carrying amount of plant and equipment and motor vehicles held under finance lease as at June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (refer to note 6):
Bank borrowings are secured by fixed and floating charges over the assets of the Company.
Leased liabilities are effectively secured as the rights to the leased asset revert to the lessor in event of default.
(a) The carrying amount of motor vehicles held under finance lease as at June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (refer to note 6):
(b) Revaluation of land and buildings
The fair value of the freehold land and buildings were determined by Chasteau Doger De Speville Ltd, an independent valuer. The date of the revaluation was June 30, 2020.
Freehold land is revalued by reference to market based evidence; that is, the valuations are based on active market prices, adjusted for any differences in the nature, location or condition of a specific property. Freehold land is classified as level 2.The significant input is the price per square metre which ranges between Rs 711 and Rs 7,699.
The fair value of buildings was determined using the depreciated replacement cost approach, which reflects the value by computing the current cost of replacing the property and subtracting any depreciation resulting from one or more of the following factors: physical deterioration, functional obsolescence and economic obsolescence. Buildings have been classified as level 3. The significant unobservable input is the depreciation rate which ranges between 20% and 55%.
Details of the Group’s and Company’s buildings and information about the fair value hierarchy as at June 30, 2020 are as follows:
6. RIGHT OF USE ASSETS
The Group has options to purchase certain plant and machinery and motor vehicles for a nominal amount at the end of the lease term. The Group’s obligations are secured by the lessors’ title to the leased assets for such leases.
The maturity analysis of the lease liabilities are presented in note 20.
At June 30, 2020, the Group did not have any commitment for short-term leases.
The Company leases several motor vehicles.
The Company has options to purchase certain land and buildings and motor vehicles for a nominal amount at the end of the lease term. The Company’s obligations are secured by the lessors’ title to the leased assets for such leases.
The maturity analysis of the lease liabilities are presented in note 20.
At June 30, 2020, the Company did not have any commitment for short-term leases.
7. INVESTMENT PROPERTIES
The investment properties were revalued on June 30, 2020 by an external independent valuer. The valuation was carried out at that date by Chasteau Doger De Speville Ltd. Fair value is determined by reference to market based evidence; that is, the valuations are based on active market prices, adjusted for any differences in the nature, location or condition of a specific property. The fair value at June 30, 2020 was Rs 194m (2019: Rs 158m) for the Group and Rs 633m (2019: Rs 639.7m) for the Company. The rental income arising during the year amounted to Rs 18.9m (2019: Rs 18.3m) for the Group and for the Company Rs 45.5m (2019: Rs 43.6m). Direct operating expenses incurred on the investment properties for the Company during the year was Rs 0.1m (2019: Rs 0.1m) and Nil (2019: Nil) for the Group. Investment properties valued using the sales comparison approach have been classified as level 2 amounting to Rs 60m (2019: Rs 58m) and those valued using the depreciated replacement cost have been classified as level 3 amounting to Rs 134m (2019: Rs 101m). The significant input for level 2 is the price per square metre and for level 3, it is the depreciation rate.
There has been no change in the valuation technique during the year. The Group and the Company have no restrictions on the realisability of its investment properties and no contractual obligations to purchase, construct or develop investment properties or for repairs, maintenance and enhancements.
8. BEARER BIOLOGICAL ASSETS
The Directors made an assessment of the carrying value of the bearer plants as at June 30, 2019 and concluded that an impairment of Rs 3m was required based on their forecasts. This assessment was based on an average sugar price of Rs 11,000 per ton over the projected period . The main factor that led to the impairment was the decrease in projected revenue. The value in use model has been used and the discount rate was 9.75%. The above belongs to the agricultural segment. As at June 30, 2020, the bearer plants were still considered as fully impaired.
9 (a). INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The carrying amount of goodwill is allocated to the ‘Agriculture’ cash generating unit (‘’CGU’’). The recoverable amount of that CGU has been determined using the fair value less costs to sell model which is similar to prior year. Fair value less cost to sell is adjusted for with other assets and liabilities of the CGU, excluding the fair value less cost to sell of the land. No impairment was required as a result of the analysis.
The fair value less costs to sell calculation is most sensitive to the following main assumption:
Selling prices – The prices are obtained from the relevant bodies and adjusted for expected changes for future periods.
Management believes that reasonably possible changes in the above assumption will not cause the carrying amount of the cash generating unit to materially exceed its recoverable amount. A 5% decrease in the unit selling price will still result in a recoverable amount higher than the carrying amount. The level of the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement is categorised is level 3.
9 (b). LAND CONVERSION RIGHTS
“The reform of the Sugar Industry in the years 2000 necessitated redundancy payments in the form of cash and serviced land, as well as capital expenditure for capacity expansion and optimisation. These capital expenditure investments and expenses have been financed by debt. In order to assist the repayment of these debts, Government granted a tax exemption to the Sugar Industry when converting agricultural land into residential land in the form of Land Conversion Rights (“LCRs”). These LCRs are granted by the Mauritius Cane Industry Authority (MCIA) based on the qualifying costs incurred by an entity.
LCR is recognised as a non-current asset and is initially measured at fair value at the date on which the Company is entitled to receive those rights, that is when there is reasonable assurance that the LCR will be received and all the attached conditions will be complied with. LCRs are tested annually for impairment. When the carrying amount of the asset is greater than its estimated recoverable amount, it is written down immediately to its recoverable amount. LCRs are derecognised upon disposal (i.e. the date the recipient obtains control), use for converting agricultural land into residential land for land projects or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Any gain or loss on derecognition of the LCR is included in profit or loss. At June 30, 2020, the Directors have made an assessment of the carrying value of the LCRs and have concluded that an impairment of Rs 6.9m (2019: Rs 10.1m) was required.
The assumptions used in the DCF include the average annual conversion rates of agricultural land to residential land, the estimated selling price, the estimated infrastructure cost, the estimated selling cost and the discount rate. The discount rate calculation is based on the specific circumstances of these rights. The level of the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement is categorised is level 3.
10. INVESTMENT IN SUBSIDIARIES
Particulars of interests in the Group’s subsidiary companies:
(a) During the year, unsecured and interest free loans of Rs 11.6m (2019: Rs 12.3m) and Rs 9m (2019: Rs 12.2 m) to UBP Madagascar and United Granite Products (Private) Limited respectively were accounted under investments further to management’s approval.
(b) In 2019, the Directors have assessed the recoverable amount of the investment held in La Savonnerie Créole Ltée amounting to Rs 0.5m and a full impairment of the amount has been made.
(c) Impairment losses, key assumptions used and sensitivity The Company has net investments in its overseas subsidiaries of Rs 66.5m at June 30, 2020 (2019: Rs 113m). The impairment
losses recorded during the year amounted to Rs 68.1m (2019: Rs 74.6m). These subsidiaries have been making losses over the past years and are not operating at full capacity.
In determining the recoverable amount of net investment in subsidiaries, management considered the estimated recoverable amounts of the main underlying asset that each subsidiary owns, that is, property. The valuation of these properties by the management was done under the guidance of in-country experts. The level of the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement is categorised is level 3. The main assumptions are area of property, estimated price and discount factors. Management applied discount rates from 30% to 55% where appropriate to the values of the property.
Management used reasonable assumptions in preparing the recoverable amount computation but recognise that continuous losses and operational challenges may have a further significant impact on the recoverable amount of the investment in overseas subsidiaries.
(d) On February 13, 2020, the Group acquired an additional 3.6% of the issued shares of Drymix Ltd for a purchase consideration of Rs 10.1m.
(e) In February 2019, the Group acquired 90% of UBP Coffrages Ltée for a consideration of Rs 22,500. In October 2019, there was an increase in share capital and the Group acquired additional shares for Rs 18m with no change in shareholding.
During the year, the Group and the minority shareholder have taken the decision to wind up the company. This has led to the recognition of an impairment of Rs 13.8m in the financial statements of the Company.
(f) Stone and Bricks Ltd is still in the process of winding up.
Summarised financial information of subsidiaries that have material non-controlling interests, based on their IFRS financial statements and before inter-company eliminations are provided below:
11. INVESTMENT IN ASSOCIATES
Details pertaining to the interests in associates are as follows:
Summarised financial information of the associates that are material to the Group, based on their IFRS financial statements, and reconciliation with the carrying amount of the investment in the Group’s financial statements are set out below:
12. NON CURRENT FINANCIAL ASSETS/AVAILABLE-FOR-SALE INVESTMENTS
(c) FINANCIAL ASSETS AT FAIR VALUE THROUGH PROFIT OR LOSS
(d) FAIR VALUE HIERARCHY
The following table provides an analysis of financial assets at FVOCI/FVTPL and available-for-sale investments at fair value categorised according to the fair value hierarchy disclosures in note 2.3 (b).
There were no transfer between levels during the year under review (2019: nil).
Unlisted equity investments classified as level 3
The Group invests in companies which are not quoted in an active market. Transaction in such investments do not occur on a regular basis. The Group uses a market based valuation technique for these positions.
Valuation process for level 3 valuation
The valuation process for the investments is completed on a yearly basis and is designed to determine a reasonable fair value while subjecting the valuation of such investment to an appropriate level of review. Yearly valuations are performed at Group level by the Directors. For assets classified as level 3, the finance professionals are responsible for documenting preliminary valuations based on their collection of financial and operating data, company specific developments, market valuation of comparable companies and model projections, among other factors. The Board then reviews the preliminary valuations and all inputs for accuracy and reasonableness. The Board finally approves all investment valuations.
No disclosures have been made for the remaining financial assets of Rs 1.7m (2019: 2.0m) for Group and Rs 1.5m (2019: Rs 1.7m) for Company as sensivity and effect on fair value are insignificant.
During the year, the investment held in Impele KCB SPV Limited has been disposed of.
13. INCOME TAX
Deferred tax asset on unused tax losses of Rs 100.9m (2019: Rs 97.7m) has not been recognised in respect of these tax losses due to the unpredictability of future profit streams to utilise these losses.
(e) Deferred tax assets and liabilities are attributable to the following:
(f) The tax on profit before taxation differs from the theoretical amount that would arise using the basic income tax rate as follows:
(g) There are no income tax consequences attached to the payment of dividends by the Group to its shareholders in either 2020 or 2019.
14. CONSUMABLE BIOLOGICAL ASSETS
The amount of write down of inventories, recognised as an expense in cost of sales was Rs 33.4m (2019: Rs 13.1m) for the Group and Rs 6m (2019: Rs 7.9m) for the Company. Included in finished goods are inventories carried at net realisable value of Rs 9m (2019: Rs nil) for the Group and for the Company.
16. TRADE AND OTHER RECEIVABLES
Trade receivables are non-interest bearing and are generally on 30 days’ terms.
Other receivables comprise of advances made to suppliers, amounts due from related entities amongst others.
Other receivables are non-interest bearing and having an average term of 6 months.
For terms and conditions relating to receivables from related parties, refer to note 30
The fair values of the trade and other receivables approximate their carrying amounts.
As at June 30, 2020, the Group’s and the Company’s trade receivables amounting to Rs 114.9m (2019: Rs 119.5m) and Rs 33.9m (2019: Rs 31.3m) were impaired and provided for.
See note 4(b) on credit risk of trade receivables, which explains how the Group manages and measures credit quality of trade receivables that are neither past due nor impaired.
The movement in the allowance for credit loss of trade receivables were as follows:
An allowance for expected credit loss has also been charged for receivables other than trade and contract assets amounting to Rs 2.2m (2019: Rs 2.5m) for the Company and a charge of Rs 0.2m (2019: Rs 0.9m) for the Group. The allowance for expected credit loss has been calculated using a loss given default rate approximating to 5% (2019: 6%) on average.
17. CONTRACT ASSETS
The contract assets primarily relate to the Group’s receivables from its contracting activities. Allowance for expected credit losses amounts to Rs 1.2m (2019: Rs 1.4m) and the movement for the year amounts to Rs 0.2m (2019: Rs 0.3m).
18. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
For the purpose of the statements of cash flows, cash at banks and on hand comprise of the following at June 30:
(i) Associate companies represent reserves other than retained earnings arising on equity accounting of associates.
(ii) The revaluation reserve is used to record increases in the fair value of land and buildings and decreases to the extent that such decrease relates to an increase on the same asset previously recognised in equity.
(iii) Fair value reserve of financial assets through OCI records fair value changes on FVOCI assets.
(iv) The translation reserve is used to record exchange differences arising from the translation of the financial statements of overseas operations.
20. INTEREST-BEARING LOANS AND BORROWINGS
* The line indicated is in respect of the application of IFRS 16 in the current year only.
** The line indicated is in respect of the IAS 17 comparatives only.
Bank loans and overdrafts are secured by fixed and floating charges on the Group’s assets and bear interest between PLR +0.5% and PLR +1.5% per annum.
(b) Maturity analysis of lease payments
The Company does not face significant liquidity risk with regards to its lease liabilities. All the lease obligations are denominated in Mauritian Rupees.
(c) Amounts payable under finance leases
Finance leases relate to motor vehicles and plant and machinery with lease terms of 5 to 7 years. The Group has the option to purchase the motor vehicles and plant and machinery for a nominal amount at the conclusion of the lease period. The Group’s obligations under finance leases are secured by the lessor’s title to the leased assets. Finance lease liabilities are effectively secured as the rights to the leased assets revert to the lessor in the event of default and bear interest between 5.35% and 12.5% per annum.
Lease liabilities carry interest at annual rates which vary between 5.35% and 12.5%. Leased liabilities are effectively secured as the right to the leased assets revert to the lessor in the event of default.
(d) Unsecured loans were repayable at call, the rates of interest per annum at June 30, 2020 was 4.5% (2019: 4.5%).
(e) In October 2018 and April 2019, the Company took a Long Term Secured Promissory Note of Rs 650m. These bear interest at a repo rate + 1.0% and are fully repayable in October 2023. These notes are secured by a floating charge over all assets.
(f) Changes in liabilities and assets arising from financing activities
The ‘Other’ column includes non-cash transactions such as additions to finance leases, dividend declaration during the year and interest accrued but not yet paid on interest-bearing loans and borrowings. The Group classifies interest paid as cash flows from operating activities.
21. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT LIABILITY
The benefits of employees of the Group and the Company fall under two different types of arrangements:
– A defined benefit scheme which is funded. The plan assets are held by IBL Pension Fund; and
– Retirement benefits, as defined under the Workers Rights Act (WRA) 2019, which are unfunded.
The liabilities in respect of the defined benefit schemes (a) and (b) above are analysed as follows:
(a) Funded obligation
(i) The amounts recognised in the statements of financial position in respect of funded obligation are as follows:
(ii) Changes in the present value of the defined benefit obligation are as follows:
(iv) Description of assets
Up to December 31, 2019, the assets of the plan were invested in the Deposit Administration Policy which is a pooled insurance product for Group Pension Schemes, underwritten by Swan Life (ex Anglo-Mauritius). The long-term investment policy aimed at providing a smooth progression of returns from one year to the next without regular fluctuations associated with asset-linked investment such as equity funds. Moreover, the Deposit Administration Policy offers a minimum guaranteed return of 4% per annum. As from January 01, 2020, the assets of the plan are invested in the IBL Pension Fund which includes a diversified portfolio of asset classes. In view of the exposure to Equities, we expect some volatility in the return from one year to the other.
The actual return on plan assets for the Company was Rs 9.9m for the year ended June 30, 2020.
The actual return on plan assets for the Group was Rs 12.3m for the year ended June 30, 2020.
Maturity profile of the defined benefit obligation.
The weighted average duration of the liabilities for the Group and for the Company as at June 30, 2020 is 16 years and 13 years respectively.
(v) Expected contribution for the next year
The Group and the Company are expected to contribute Rs 37.5m and Rs 30m respectively to the pension scheme for the year ending June 30, 2021.
The main actuarial assumptions used for accounting purposes were:
Mortality during active service is assumed to follow that of the standard table known as A67/70 Ultimate. Mortality after retirement is assumed to follow that of the standard table known as a PA92 rated down by two years.
Employees are assumed to retire at 60. No allowance has been made for early retirement on the grounds of ill-health or otherwise, or for late retirements.
(vi) Settlements and curtailments
There have been no events that would need to be treated as settlements or curtailments under IAS 19.
(vii) Risks associated with the plans
The Defined Benefit Plans expose the Group and the Company to actuarial risks such as longevity risk, interest rate risk, market (investment) risk, and salary risk.
The liabilities disclosed are based on the mortality tables A 67/70 and PA92/AMAS buyout rate. Should the experience of the pension plans be less favourable than the standard mortality tables, the liabilities will increase.
Interest rate risk
If the bond interest rate decreases, the liabilities would be calculated using a lower discount rate, and would therefore increase.
The present value of the liabilities of the plan are calculated using a discount rate. Should the returns on the assets of the plan be lower than the discount rate, a deficit will arise for funded benefits only.
If salary increases are higher than assumed in our basis, the liabilities would increase giving rise to actuarial losses.
Sensitivity analysis on defined benefit obligation at the end of the year:
The sensitivity analyses above have been determined based on sensibly possible changes of the discount rate or salary increase rate occurring at the end of the reporting period if all other assumptions remain unchanged.
The funded retirement benefit obligations have been based on the report dated September 28, 2020 from Swan Life Ltd, calculated for the Group and for the Company for the year ended June 30, 2020.
(viii) Statutory benefits under the Workers’ Rights Act (WRA)
Workers’ Rights Act (WRA) provides for a lump sum at retirement or death, whichever occurs earlier, based on final salary and years of service. Prior to the implementation of the Portable Retirement Gratuity Fund (PRGF), these benefits are unfunded as at December 31, 2019. Moreover, employees who resign as from 2020, are eligible for a portable gratuity benefit based on service with the employer as from January 01, 2020 and remuneration at exit (same benefit formula as for retirement/death gratuity).
(ix) The major categories of the planned assets are as follows:
(b) Unfunded obligation
The amounts recognised in the statements of financial position in respect of unfunded obligation are as follows:
(i) Movement in the liability recognised in the statements of financial position:
(iii) Principal assumptions used were as follows:
(iv) Sensitivity analysis on unfunded defined benefit obligation at the end of the year:
The above sensitivity analysis has been carried out by recalculating the present value of obligation at the end of the period after increasing or decreasing the discount rate and future salary increase while leaving all other assumptions unchanged. Any similar variation in the other assumptions would have shown smaller variations in the defined benefit obligation.
(v) Future cash flows
The funding policy is to pay benefits out of the reporting entity’s cashflow as and when due. The expected employer contribution for the next year is Rs 4.3m. The weighted average duration of the defined benefit obligation for both the Group and the Company is 11.67 years.
(vi) The Group and the Company have recognised a net defined liabilities of Rs 214.9m and Rs 172.6m respectively in the statement of financial position as at June 30, 2020 (2019: Group Rs 185.7m and Rs152.7m) in respect of any retirement gratuities that are expected to be paid out of the Company’s cash flow to its employees under the Workers Rights Act (WRA) 2019.
The unfunded retirement benefit obligations have been based on the report dated July 20, 2020 from AON Hewitt Ltd, calculated for the Group and the Company for the year ended June 30, 2020
22. TRADE AND OTHER PAYABLES
Trade payables are non-interest bearing and are normally settled on 60-day terms.
Other payables are non-interest bearing and have an average term of six months.
For terms and conditions relating to payables to related parties, refer to note 30.
Other payables comprise mainly of accruals and deposits from customers amongst others.
The carrying amounts of trade and other payables approximate their fair values.
23. CONTRACT LIABILITIES
Revenue recognised in relation to contract liabilities
The following table shows how much of the revenue recognised in the current reporting period relates to carried-forward contract liabilities :
25. OPERATING PROFIT
* Interest income is impaired as the customer is in financial difficulties.
26. FINANCE INCOME
27. FINANCE COSTS
28. EARNINGS PER SHARE
Profit attributable to equity holders of the parent (Rs'000)
Number of shares in issue
Earnings per share – Basic (Rs)
On June 08, 2020, the Board of Directors declared a final dividend of Rs 1.90 (2019: Rs 3.80) per share amounting to Rs 50.4m which was paid on July 15, 2020.
30. RELATED PARTY DISCLOSURES
Terms and conditions of transactions with related parties:
The sales to and purchases from related parties are made at normal market prices. Outstanding balances at the year end are unsecured, interest free and settlement occurs in cash. There have been no guarantees provided or received for any related party receivables and payables. At each financial year, an assessment of provision for impairment is undertaken through examining the financial position of the related party and the market in which the related party operates. For the year ended June 30, 2020, the Group has no impairment of receivables relating to amounts owed by related parties (2019: Rs 8m). The Company has recorded an impairment of Rs 81.8m during the year ended June 30, 2020 (2019: Rs 74.6m) relating to related parties. This assessment is undertaken each financial year through examining the financial position of the related party and the market in which the related party operates.
31. CONTRACTS OF SIGNIFICANCE
Except for transactions as disclosed in note 30 on related party transactions, the Group did not have any contract of significance as defined by the Listing Rules of the Stock Exchange of Mauritius Ltd with any of its Directors and controlling shareholders.
32. CAPITAL COMMITMENTS
The expenditure for property, plant and equipment will be financed by cash generated by the Group activities and from available borrowing facilities.
The Group’s capital commitments relating to its associates are as follows:
33. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES
At June 30, 2020, the Group and the Company had contingent liabilities in respect of bank guarantees amounting to Rs 5.8m (2019: Rs 8.5m) and Rs 1.2m (2019: Rs 1.2m) respectively and contingent liabilities in respect of net current liabilities of one of the Group’s subsidiaries amounting to Rs 171.5m (2019: Rs114.6m), both arising in the ordinary course of business from which it is anticipated that no material liabilities would arise.
Pre-Mixed Concrete Limited, one of the Group’s associates had contingent liabilities in respect of bank guarantees of Rs 1.7m (2019: Rs 1.6m) arising in the ordinary course of business from which it is anticipated that no material liabilities would arise. There is an industrial dispute claim of Rs 0.8m against the Company. The Directors consider that no liabilities will arise as the probability for default in respect of the guarantees is remote.
Legal claim contingencies
Legal actions have been initiated by former employees against the Group in respect of unpaid severance allowances. The estimated payout is Rs 25.5m (2019: Rs 57.5m), should the actions be successful. Trials are ongoing and therefore it is not practicable to state the timing of payment, if any. The Group has been advised by its legal counsel that it is only possible, but not probable, that the action will succeed. Accordingly, no provision for any liability has been made in the financial statements.
34. OPERATING LEASE COMMITMENTS
Future minimum rentals payable under operating leases are as follows:
35. HOLDING COMPANY
The Directors regard IBL Ltd incorporated in Mauritius as the holding company. Its registered address is 4th Floor, IBL House, Caudan Waterfront, Port Louis.
36. EVENTS AFTER REPORTING DATE
There have been no other material events after the reporting date which require disclosure or adjustment to the financial statements for the year ended June 30, 2020.
37. SEGMENTAL INFORMATION
Operating segment information
The Building materials segment is involved in the manufacture and sale of building materials which consists principally of aggregates, rocksand, hollow concrete blocks and various concrete building components which constitutes our core business.
The retail business under the Building materials segment consist of the sale of roof tiles, imported floor and wall tiles, sanitary ware and a complete range of home building products and garden accessories.
The Agriculture segment is involved in the cultivation of sugar cane, vegetables, plants and landscaping services.
Management monitors the operating results of its business units separately for the purpose of making decisions about resource allocation and performance assessment. Segment performance is evaluated based on operating profit or loss and is measured consistently with operating profit or loss in the consolidated financial statements.
Transfer prices between operating segments are on an arm’s length basis in a manner similar to transactions with third parties.
38. BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
Change in percentage holding in subsidiaries without loss of control
On February 13, 2020, the Group acquired an additional 3.6% of the issued shares of Drymix Ltd for a purchase consideration of Rs 10.1m. The Group derecognised the non-controlling interests and recorded an increase in equity attributable to owners of the Company of Rs 4.5m. The effect of changes in the ownership interest on the equity attributable to owners of the Group is summarised as follows:
39. FINANCIAL REVIEW
40. CORONAVIRUS (“COVID-19”)
As at June 30, 2020, the recent global outbreak of Coronavirus (“COVID-19”) continues to have significant volatility within the economic markets, for which the duration and spread of the outbreak, and the resultant economic impact is uncertain and cannot be predicted. This may directly or indirectly impact the Group’s and the Company’s activities in material respects by interrupting and disrupting business and transactional activities. The Directors will continue to monitor the situation for the Group and for the Company.